Diabetes: The popular autumnal fruit that can lower blood sugar – 'wonderful'

As part of the research, two compounds – trigonelline (TRG) and nicotinic acid (NA) – were isolated from the paste.

It found that these compounds could be the reason for the blood sugar-lowering and diabetes-preventing effects of pumpkin.

The paper says: “Feeding a diet containing TRG and NA respectively improved and tended to improve glucose tolerance.”

Although there could be concerns that pumpkin could actually cause blood sugar to rise as has a high glycaemic index, Healthline explains that it has a low glycaemic load: “meaning that it’s unlikely to have a significant effect on your blood sugar as long as you exercise portion control.”

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